Note: Chinese Boxing = Yin Style Baguazhang
Grappling and throws, groundwork has strong roots in Ming Dynasty China- in the era of heavy armor and knights. Most soldiers in feudal China served as peacekeepers, subduing an opponent on the ground for capture is a necessity in certain applications. Generally, ground fighting is limited if possible during melee situations against multiple armed opponents- however necessary for security purposes or last resort from injury on the battlefield. The feudal Shaolin Arm Bar is labeled as “Straddling a Horse” technique. Liu Jin Sheng in the pic is a Shaolin officer in the Shanghai days of William E. Fairbairn. It is a modern myth Baguazhang contains minimal knowledge of ground fundamentals.
Bruce Lee demonstrates the ‘Bronco Kick’, a feudal kungfu technique illustrated in William E. Fairbairn’s 1942 book ALL-IN FIGHTING. The Bronco technique biomechanically strengthens one’s Qi in the Dantian- and inversely weakens the opponent’s Qi. Some consider Bruce Lee to be the Father of Mixed Martial Arts… and most consider William E. Fairbairn to be the Father of Close Quarters Combat.
In the 21st century, Baguazhang is practiced for various reasons ranging from fitness, entertainment, to self-defense. When speaking of historical systems by founders of the method, one should acknowledge factual documentation of nuances and the technology/ strategy of the time period. In popular kungfu culture today, YIN STYLE BAGUA is universally credited for escorting the Empress Dowager/ and Guangxu out of Beijing when the city was under siege from foreign troops. The pic above illustrates the facts, 100% clarity revealing the 1900 escape (left) to the 1902 return to Beijing (right). Feudal Baguazhang exists to this modern era, lost in China fitness reforms and Kungfu vs MMA debates. Ancient systems are still practical for all walks of life, whether biomechanical calisthenics or urban self-defense… Real Baguazhang deserves accurate documentation.
Chinese Kungfu (the sport-fu standardized by the Chinese government which undergone two waves of sports modifications since 1928) has lacked proper representation in modern combat sports, of recent. However Real Kungfu is still practical in the CHINESE QI CULTIVATION aspects apparently, or in short: CQC, Close Quarters Combat.
One of William E. Fairbairn’s students was Ian Fleming who went on to write the James Bond series of books. History is Fun!!